- July: Australia suffers its first casualty in the Vietnam War as a result of enemy action in South Vietnam.
- November: Compulsory National Service is reintroduced for 20 year old males. Conscientious objection to the war in Vietnam is not accepted as a reason for exemption.
- December: Australian government offers to send ground troops to South Vietnam in response to requests from the Prime Minister of South Vietnam and the US President for 200 additional advisers.
- Charles Perkins becomes the first Aborigine to graduate from an Australian university.
- "The Beatles" English pop group tour Australia.
† Vietnam Veterans Association of Australia